Homa - Human Rights and Business Centre, was created in 2012 at the Law School of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora - Brazil, with the support of the Ford Foundation - Brazil, as an academic centre for research and extension, with the objective of producing qualified knowledge and providing academic-legal advice on human rights violations perpetrated by business, focusing on the protection of human rights and the centrality of those affected, for civil society and the government.
Different from the main nomenclature in that field of study " Business and Human Rights ", we call ourselves the Centre for Human Rights and Business, exactly because we believe that the theme should be regarded under the logic of these rights protection. Therefore, those must come before the business in this legal, political and academic discussion.
We develop research lines around "Human Rights and business", informing, raising awareness and training actors of the society on the theme, besides offering academic-legal advice for the action of the organized Civil Society and Government. For this purpose, our action is supported by other academic entities, organized sectors of the Civil Society and even the State. Having a bigger and closer relation to the testimony of the affected by Human Rights violations.
In that scenario, Homa has been following since 2013 the international agenda on Human Rights and Business, developed at the United Nations, which includes the negotiation of an International Treaty on the theme at The Human Rights Council. The Centre was present in all sessions of negotiation of the binding instrument, as well as in several informal consultations, and ordinary sessions of the Council. Homa is part and advise the “Global Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power and Stop Impunity”, which has a network of more than 200 social movements and organizations throughout the world linked to it. In 2017, we were invited, on the figure of the coordinator Manoela Roland, as experts on the field to speak to members of the Working Group at the 3rd Negotiation Session at the UN in Geneva.
In the same way, Homa worked along with the Conselho Nacional de Direitos Humanos – Brazil on the formulation of the draft of the Resolution No. 05, of 12 March 2020, of the CNDH. The resolution considers new National Guide Lines for a Public Policy on Human Rights and Business. The resolution, created in a democratic process and with the participation of the Civil Society, was used as a counterpoint to the Federal Decree No. 9.571/2018 and with a demonstration of the democratic creation of a normative mechanism of public policy on the theme in Brazil. Also, regarding the national context, Homa is part of a research team called Rede de Pesquisa Rio Doce, acting on the case of the Fundão dam collapse in Mariana, Minas Gerais. The group along with the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights also filed a suit on the case. Besides that network, the Centre also integrates the Working Group on Human Rights and Business of the Brazilian Federal Prosecution Service.